Winds temperatures and densities can be measured by utilizing unique properties of the near space environment and atmosphere. Some of these include atmospheric emissions such as airglow, and excitations of the metal layer near ~80-100 km.
Gravity Wave Dynamics
Gravity wave generation, multi-scale wave-wave interactions, and secondary gravity wave generation all play a role in momentum transport throughout the Earth’s atmosphere and beyond.
Terrestrial Influences on Space Weather
Terrestrial weather such as strong convection, or windy days in the mountains can have influences which couple into the near Earth space region.
Filtering and Signal Processing
In order to obtain high frequency signals from data, signal processing techniques are necessary. Below is a demonstration of sodium lidar data raw counts versus filtered counts, and a comparison of raw temperature calculations, temperature calculations after averaging, and temperature calculations using filtering to remove noise.